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Wild Flowers of Rethymno

Yious  Kampos Rethymno

Wild Flowers of Rethymno

 Rethymno, like all Crete, has an amazing variety of flora, which is directly linked to the climate and geomorphology of the place.

native orchids

 This can be explained by the geological isolation of the island, which has facilitated the development of local species since ancient times.

Out of an estimated number of 2000 species of plants 160are endemic and grow exclusively on the island.

Rethymno Crete, has an amazing variety of flora

 At low altitudes, vineyards, olive groves, and orange groves dominate. As the altitude rises, the low vegetation of aromatic and native plants and flowers prevails, some of which are under threat of extinction. Each year, rare species of plants“challenge” botanists from all over the world to study them. Among them, native orchids are impressive, while exceptional landscapes with various native tulips are created in the White Mountains, Dikti, Gramvousa peninsula and the small botanical paradise of YiousKambos in Rethymno. The optimum time for viewing is at their peak in the springtime. Also, herbs are grown everywhere in the mountains, the cultivated land, and seaside areas. Several of these are native and have been known since antiquity for their medical properties.

Tulipa doerfleri wild flora found in Rethymno

 In the prefecture of Rethymno, around 50 species and sub-species of orchids are found; nearly half of them belong to the genus Ophrys. This orchid wealth increases continuously, due to very frequent hybridization. In particular, on the plateau of Yious  Kampos, the hybrid between Orchis lactea and Orchis tridentata is found in populations of such density that a new species could be said to have been generated. This plateau constitutes one of the most important biotopes of Rethymno since, apart from orchids, a beautiful red tulip (Tulipa doerfleri) is endemic to the area. Of equal importance are the mountains Vouvala, Siderotas, and Xiro, which form a natural barrier towards the Libyan Sea. All the roads which lead to the southern shores, as well as the dirt roads up to the peaks, pass through areas teeming both with orchids and other species. Rarer, more individual species are native to the gorges. The native Campanula tubulosa and Campanula saxatilis, Greek onosma (Onosma graecum), rock tulip (Tulipa saxatilis) and the two staehelinas (S. arboreal and S. fruticosa) are only a sampling of the species.

wild flora found in Rethymno
Many of the species of wild flora found in Rethymno are protected by the international CITES agreement.
 Make sure to visit us in the Spring to enjoy the abundance of flora and fauna Crete offers!

City of Rethymno

You are invited to travel to areas, which are perhaps still unknown to the majority, and which are sometimes remote, but always magical and magnificent throughout the seasons. We recommend our visitors to see our picturesque villages through the eyes of the soul, try the Cretan cuisine, our wine and “tsikoudia”, participate in our revelries and festivities, but most importantly get to know our soul, our hospitality, the safe, untouched interior of the region, the other Rethymno.
Rethymno Guide       visitgreece2
small map of Rethymnon, Crete, Greece
Department of Tourism
  tourism (@)
  +30 28310 21459
  +30 28310 21459
  21 El. Venizelou Str, 74100, Rethymno, Crete, Greece

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